Louis Wain was an artist popular for his paintings of cats in the late 1800s and early 1900s. H.G. Wells said that “He has made the cat his own. He invented a cat style, a cat society, a whole cat world. English cats that do not look and live like Louis Wain cats are ashamed of themselves.”

Wain began to exhibit the symptoms of schizophrenia around 1910, and was committed to a mental hospital in 1924.

The following pictures of cats are typically interpreted as illustrating the increasing effects of his schizophrenia. Some debate this however, as Wain did not date his paintings, and argue that he was simply experimenting with patterns reflecting his mother’s work designing textiles.

Regardless of explanation, they remain utterly fascinating.

Cat 1

Cat 2

Cat 3

Cat 4

Cat 5

Cat 6

Cat 7

Cat 8

All images copyright the Archives and Museum of Bethlem Royal Hospital.

Like this post? Check out More of Wain’s Kaleideoscope Cats.

55 thoughts on “Wain’s Kalideoscope Cats

    • Schizophrenia is a personality disorder, not a mental disability. In many schizophrenia cases, all of the personalities that are exerted are capable of conforming to societal norms. 99.99% of your psychopathic schizophrenia patients are invented by the media for entertainment purposes. The reality is that your best friend could be schizophrenic and you might not even know it if the one or more other personalities were triggered by events that occurred when you weren’t around (although you might suspect).

  1. They sure look reminiscent of some excursions I’ve taken with certain short acting tryptamines…

    Thanks for posting these! I wish I could grab ’em in higher rez… They’d make a tasty desktop background.

  2. @Jeremy

    …exhibit a lot of control…

    Man, schizophrenia describes a condition that manifests a detatchment from reality. Not recklessness.

  3. I didn’t think it was uncommon for them to spend time on strange but OCD-like tasks involving a great deal of careful precision. Like these paintings.

  4. Louis Wain didn’t make the drawings like that in exact order. After his breakdown, he made more normal works, and well before it, he came up with some pretty wacked productions. Still, his evident disposition to become schizophrenic probably didn’t hurt his …..very unique approach. Poor cats.

  5. Wow. Those drawings are VERY similar to the colors and patterns when induced with heavy amounts of mushrooms, LSD, or any other sort of psychoactive tryptamine or phenethylamine. Interesting how in the past medical doctors tried associating schizophrenia with psychotropic drugs. It was debunked, but these pictures are something to marvel at.

  6. schizophrenia has nothing to do with motor control, unless you’re on meds, then it can be unbearable, I hear. Who are we to judge, though, that madness is a less valuable state of mind than a sober bean counter’s?

  7. He sure went crazy, likely with LSD, that isn’t schizophrenia you are seeing

    did they treat him with weird drugs? most likely, as well as ECT, they basically tortured you in those days, and drugged you till you were crazy, if they didn’t also labotomize you.

    • “He sure went crazy, likely with LSD, that isn’t schizophrenia you are seeing”

      “Wain began to exhibit the symptoms of schizophrenia around 1910, and was committed to a mental hospital in 1924.”

      “LSD was first synthesized by Albert Hofmann in 1938 from ergotamine, a chemical derived by Arthur Stoll from ergot, a grain fungus that typically grows on rye.”

      Oh, so he’s a time-traveler, as well?

  8. I remember seeing these photos in “Life” magazine back in the early-mid 1960’s. They profoundly struck me then in terms of pure imagery, which I thought was brilliant. I’ve since grown up to be a Fine Arts painter, and have often rferred to these cats in conversations with artists about imagery which influenced me early on. Thanks for bringing these beautiful early examples of “Outsider Art” to light once more. I’m wondering now if there is a larger body of Wain’s work to be found.

  9. In all the psych classes I have ever taken, the books list these paintings, then say that the order is incorrect. The most ‘psychedelic’ of these was painted second. This was a publicity stunt

  10. the 3rd image from the bottom is used in an episode of aqua teen hunger force called “robositter”. meatwad ingests an entire medicine cabinet full of pills, and when frylock comes looking for him, this is what meatwad sees.
    seriously. check it out.

    • They are fractal’s
      because he can see the real world. And cats are also ancient entity’s. When did they become domesticated. How did they end up on our laps in our house. What is the ground it walks on. Lol. 🙂

      Watch “TRUTH channel” on YouTube
      TRUTH channel:

  11. Terry. Yes you Terry Wagar. We know you are here. We are all watching you.
    This time we will succeed. No more games Terry. No more spying on Joan and I.
    No poison this time, this time it will be quick and easy. Framing you as a pedo
    was small compared to what we have planned.

  12. He was alive before LSD was first synthesized. Also, if you flip over the sixth one from the top, you see another cat who looks much more depressed, possibly because the rest of the picture looks something like a monster eating his mind, a common theme in schizophrenic delusions. Even if it was accidental, that’s damn good artistry.

  13. All I see are messages about how gmilburn.ca is so awesome that this site stole its images. Did you get in trouble for using your own images?

  14. Tyler – I added hotlink protection in my .htaccess file a few days ago, I’ve removed it for the time being to prevent any more issues such as yours. Are you behind a proxy or any other atypical internet setup?

  15. Woohooo. Next time my cat starts pulling that stuff I’ll know it’s time to get my meds changed. Great artwork though.

  16. I have seen these pictures before on the net and in that occasion they were (likely) by a different artist and the description said those pics were drawn during an LSD trip: from taking the drug to the climax of the trip.

    • ces –

      It’s quite established that the drawings are by Wain, the controversy lies in the chronology and motivation of the design. While they certainly look psychedelic, LSD was not involved in any way – Wain died in 1939, four years before the first ingestion of LSD by humans.

  17. Wain had schizophrenia. The reason it looks like an LSD trip (or psilocybin, etc) is because LSD increases the serotonin (5-HT) levels in the brain. Schizophrenia results from having excess dopamine (DA) in the brain, which leads to overstimulation of serotonergic pathways. They result in similar hallucinations, but LSD causes permanent degredation to serotonergic pathways while schizophrenia does not affect the framework, but is only excess neurotransmitter (and can be corrected by blocking the receptors on which DA and 5-HT work.

    So really, it IS Wain’s work and he WAS a schizophrenic.

    • Hi Kate –

      One correction, I have read in no papers that LSD leads to permanent degradation of serotogenic pathways. If you aware of any evidence, please forward me the paper or a reference to the PubMed/similar entry.

      Are you confusing this with the discredited Ricaute study on MDMA? (ie the one that “accidentally” used methamphetamine instead of MDMA)

  18. i saw these same pictures about a year ago, only it was detailing the effects of LSD, not schizophrenia.
    it was about a man asked to draw a cat once every hour after taking LSD. the first one was a control.

  19. Some of the most intricate artwork ever seen was done by schizophrenics and manic depressives. The subject matter and its depiction are not usually “normal,” in society’s sense of the word, but the product is at a very high level in terms of skill. There is a degree of focus in some patients that borders on OCD. Rules that “must” be followed, or colors that “must” be used. It’s a fascinating subject, just as much as the differing levels of skill in multiple personalities is.

    • Hi! I’m the owner of that tattoo, tnhkas for featuring me! I’m still not 100% percent sure that the cats with umbrella drawing is by Louis Wain though. When I was doing my research for the tattoo I only found a couple of mentions associating this drawing and Wain from not very reliable sources. It just doesn’t seem to fit the same characteristics Wain’s paintings carry (like super rounded eyes, cartoon-y faces, for example). Victorian loved scenes with cats in human position and there were many artists, both known and unknown, that used them in valentines and cards. 🙂

  20. I suffer from schizophrenia. It’s not severe or anything, and most of the time I’m perfectly fine. I think my perception of the world is much the same as everyone else’s. If I ever have an episode, certain things around my distort themselves. Sometimes I think it’s real, sometimes I’m conscious of the fact that it’s not. Either way, I try not to view my episodes as a bad thing. If anything they bring out my creative side and inspire me to draw. I can definitely see how schizophrenia may have inspired him to draw those awesome, twisted, monstrous cats.

  21. I have schizophrenia, I don’t believe this is what someone with my disorder would draw during an episode, I’ve done a lot of hallucinogenic drugs, and honestly this reminds me more of that, schizophrenia doesn’t mean we see things differently, merely sense things that everyone else wouldn’t. I believe he could control himself, but he did this either because he was tripping his nuts off (unlikely) or for pure experimental purposes, he was an artist afterall wasn’t he? Why not practice different, more abstract styles, it’s what most artists do =)

  22. Some have speculated whether this artist had in facta aspergers rather than schizophrenia, would make sense the more psychedelic images here have a mathematical (like fractals) look to them.

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